Kuwait University
College of Life Sciences

Information Science Department

Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy

Source - ACMITCompetencyModel14October2014 and http://ccecc.acm.org/assessment/blooms

The order of learning is as follows:

  1. Before we can understand a concept we have to remember it.
  2. Before we can apply the concept we must understand it.
  3. Before we analyze it we must be able to apply it.
  4. Before we can evaluate its impact, we must be able to analyze it.
  5. Before we can create, we must be able to analyze to evaluate it.

There are six levels in the taxonomy for the Cognitive domain, progressing from the lowest order processes to the highest:

  1. Remembering - Retrieving, recalling, or recognizing information from memory. Students can recall or remember information. Note: This process is the most basic thinking skill.
  2. Understanding - Constructing meaning or explaining material from written, spoken or graphic sources. Students can explain ideas or concepts.
  3. Applying - Using learned materials or implementing materials in new situations. Students can use/apply information in a new way.
  4. Analyzing - Breaking material or concepts into parts, determining how the parts relate or interrelate to one another or to an overall structure or purpose. Students can distinguish between different parts.
  5. Evaluating - Assessing, making judgments and drawing conclusions from ideas, information, or data. Students can justify a stand or decision.
  6. Creating - Putting elements together or reorganizing them into a new way, form or product. Students can create a new product. Note: This process is the most difficult mental function.

Active Learning Verbs of Bloom's Revised Taxonomy:
Lower Order Thinking Skills Higher Order Thinking Skills
Remembering Understanding Applying Analyzing Evaluating Creating
Define Classify Apply Analyze Appraise Assemble
Duplicate Convert Calculate Attribute Argue Construct
Find Demonstrate Carry out Categorize Assess Create
Identify Describe Edit Compare Choose Design
Label Differentiate Diagram Contrast Critique Develop
List Discuss Execute Decompose Debate Devise
Locate Exemplify Illustrate Deconstruct Defend Formulate
Memorize Explain Implement Deduce Estimate Hypothesize
Name Infer Investigate Discriminate Evaluate Invent
Recall Interpret Manipulate Distinguish Judge Make
Recognize Paraphrase Modify Examine Justify Plan
Retrieve Report Operate Integrate Support  
Select Summarize Perform Organize Test  
State Translate Produce Outline Value  
    Solve Structure Verify  
    Use      
    Write